M. Hajiahmadi, G.S. van de Weg, C.M.J. Tampère, R. Corthout, A. Hegyi, B. De Schutter, and H. Hellendoorn, "Integrated predictive control of freeway networks using the extended link transmission model," IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 65-78, Jan. 2016.
In this paper, the recently developed link transmission model (LTM) is utilized in an on-line hybrid model-based predictive control (MPC) framework. The model is extended to include the effects of ramp metering and variable speed limits. Next, an integrated freeway traffic control based on the new model is presented in order to minimize the total time spent in the network. The integrated scheme has the capability of controlling large-scale freeway networks in real-time as the model is computationally efficient and it is yet accurate enough for our control purposes. In addition, the extended model is reformulated as a system of linear inequalities with mixed binary and real variables. The reformulated model along with the linearized total travel time objective function establish a mixed integer linear optimization problem that is more tractable and even faster than the original optimization problem integrated in the MPC scheme. Finally, to investigate the performance of the proposed approaches (nonlinear MPC and the mixed integer linear counterpart), a freeway network layout based on the Leuven Corridor in Belgium is selected. The extended LTM is calibrated for this network using micro-simulation data and next, is used for prediction and control of the large network. Micro-simulation results show that the proposed methods are able to efficiently improve the total travel time.