R. Negenborn, B. De Schutter, and P.-J. van Overloop, "Coordination of local controllers in large-scale water systems," Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Hydroinformatics (HIC 2010), Tianjin, China, pp. 2178-2185, Sept. 2010.
This paper proposes a real-time control framework for the control of nationwide water systems, in particular in The Netherlands, consisting of numerous rivers, canals, reservoirs, and lakes. These water systems are of such a large scale that they cannot be controlled from a single location taking into account all locally available sensors, actuators, dynamics, and forecasts. Therefore, a framework is proposed in which distributed model predictive control coordinates the actions of local controllers. Results on two simulated interconnected regions illustrate the operation of the framework.