B. De Schutter, S.P. Hoogendoorn, H. Schuurman, and S. Stramigioli, "A multi-agent case-based traffic control scenario evaluation system," Proceedings of the IEEE 6th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC'03), Shanghai, China, pp. 678-683, Oct. 2003.
Traffic operators in traffic control centers have various measures at their disposition to control the traffic flows on motorways and on urban roads such as ramp metering, variable speed limits, dynamic route guidance, opening of shoulder lanes, etc. When having to determine which of these control measures have to be applied and where they have to be applied for a given traffic situation, the traffic operator should be able to predict the effect of a control scenario in order to be able to select the best scenario. As on-line, real-time simulation of a large number of possible scenarios is usually not tractable for even relatively small motorway networks, a fast method to predict the effects of control measures on-line is a key requirement for effectively applying traffic control. In this paper we develop a multi-agent case-based approach to assist traffic operators in evaluating or predicting the effects of control measures. The proposed approach is much faster than straightforward traffic simulation so that it can be used for on-line and real-time evaluation of a large number of different control scenarios. In addition, it is scalable so that it can also be used for large networks.